Cannabis Indica

The Indica and Sativa plants are distinct in several ways:  where Sativa plants are tall, loosely branched and have long, narrow leaves, Indica plants are short, densely branched and have wider leaves. Sativa has a flowering stage of 12 weeks, while Indica has a flowering stage of 6-8 weeks.

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Although it is widely thought that Indica and Sativa plants have different effects on their user, there is no medical evidence of that. On average, Indica plants have high THC:CBD ratios and sativa plants have high CBD:THC ratios. Cross-breeding of Indica and Sativa has led to a wide variety of what are commonly known as "hybrid strains", each strain having unique characteristics and effects.


That being said, the medical consumption of Cannabis Sativa is associated with a "high" and an energizing feeling, and it is therefore more suited for use during the day. The Sativa strains lead to a euphoric "high", stimulate the appetite and can therefore help patients suffering from eating disorders. It is also suggested that Sativa strains ease anxiety.


Indica strains are mainly associated with relaxation, and are therefore more suited for use during the night. Indica strains have a more meditative effect, as opposed to the "high" and energy-inducing Sativa strains.


Today, there is a wide range of strains available with characteristics from each species. Some hybrids contain a 50/50 mix, while other hybrids are dominated by either sativa or indica.


The following table summarizes the key differences between Sativa and Indica:





Plant and cultivation

Taller, more loosely branched, long, narrower leaves; flowering of 12 weeks

Shorter, more densely branched, wider leaves; flowering of 6-8 weeks

Main reported effects

Relaxing, meditative, eases anxiety and helps with sleeping disorders

Energizing, more euphoric "high", stimulates the appetite, eases anxiety

Most suited for use

During the night

During the day


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