CBD and Medical Cannabis
4 Things You Need to Know About CBD
Cannabidiol, abbreviated as CBD, is one of at least 113 active cannabinoids identified in cannabis. In contrast to tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is the principal psychoactive constituent of cannabis, CBD does not have intoxicating effects. Here are four salient facts about CBD.
#1: Therapeutic Values
According to Dr. David Bearman, a California M.D. who specializes in pain management, harm reduction and medical cannabis, CBD is a non-psychotropic cannabinoid that is non-euphoric, and has the effect of reducing the undesirable effects of high-THC cannabis (such as anxiety and paranoia). This allows a patient to ingest more THC.
According to Beraman, CBD is a "powerful anti-epileptic, anti-depressant, anti-inflammatory, anti-nauseate, sleep aid, muscle relaxant, sedative and anti-proliferative". Numerous studies have demonstrated "that cannabidiol (CBD) at a concentration of 10 uM, was neuroprotective against both excitatory transmitter (glutamate) and oxidant (hydroperoxide) induced neurotoxicity".
#2: What is CBD Used to Treat?
According to an expansive piece about CBD on herb.com, CBD is polypharmacological, meaning that it can affect multiple different pathways in the body at once. This, according to the piece, makes CBD "extremely difficult to study, as it is almost impossible to tell what effect these different interactions have upon each other". However, regardless of a lack of high-quality human trials, many medical cannabis patients, according to the piece, "find relief with this calming cannabinoid". Some common illnesses and conditions for which patients use CBD are cancer, diabetes, Lupus, motor disorders, nicotine addiction, Parkinson's Disease, chronic and neuropathic pain, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and Osteoporosis.
According to a 2013 review published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and quoted by leafscience.com, studies have found CBD to possess the following medical properties: It reduces nausea and vomiting, suppresses seizure activity, combats psychosis disorders, it is anti-inflammatory, it combats neurodegenerative disorders, it combats tumor and cancer cells, it combats anxiety and depression disorders, and finally, it combats pain and pain-related disorders. Most of this evidence, it should be noted again, comes from studies done on animals, since relatively few studies on CBD have been carried out in human patients.
#3: How is it Taken?
Today, CBD is available in a variety of products ranging from oils and tinctures to edibles and vaporizers. It is often used by patients in the form of oil.
#4: Cannabis Strains Rich in CBD
Marijuana growers have been able to create strains with high levels of CBD. Some strains contain high levels of both CBD and THC, while others have little to no THC.
According to leafscience,com, the most famous CBD-rich strain is Charlotte's Web, created by the Stanley brothers in Colorado, and named after of a young girl named Charlotte Figi. Figi's parents used the strain to combat her severe seizures caused by Dravet syndrome, without the side effect of "getting high". Charlotte's Web is a completely non-psychoactive strain.